Wollemi Pine
Australia [change country]

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Fast Facts

Claim to fame One of the world's oldest and rarest trees
Scientific name Wollemia nobilis
Family Araucariaceae
Relatives Kauri, Norfolk Island, Hoop, Bunya and Monkey Puzzle pines
When discovered 1994
Where discovered 200km west of Sydney in a rainforest gorge within the 500,000 hectare Wollemi National Park in the Blue Mountains
Discovered by David Noble, a NSW National Parks and Wildlife Officer and avid bushwalker
Age The Wollemi Pine belongs to the 200 million year old Araucariaceae family
Oldest known fossil 90 million years
Wild population Less than 100 mature trees
Characteristics Conifer with attractive, unusual dark green foliage, bubbly bark and sprouts multiple trunks
Growth habit

Fast growing in light, favours acid soils, and temperatures from - 5 to 45°C (23 to 113°F). Trials in the USA and Japan have indicated that it will survive temperatures as cold as -12°C (10.4 °F).

Size The largest wild Wollemi Pine in the rainforest gorge is 40m tall with a main trunk of 63cm in width
Release date 2006 (check here for more details)
Conservation Royalties from sales of the Wollemi Pine to support conservation of the Wollemi Pine and other rare and endangered plant species
Best use Unique gift for special occasions (birthday, wedding, christening), a stunning patio and indoor plant (in well lit positions) and feature tree for parks and large gardens

Did you know?
Fossil evidence of the Wollemi Pine, or at least its ancestors, goes back to the mid-Cretaceous, and possibly even the early Cretaceous period some 110 million years ago. There are also fossil records of dinosaurs in Australia at that time before they became extinct globally around 65 million years ago. Paleontologists say that it is likely that dinosaurs crossed paths with the Wollemi Pine and may have eaten Wollemi leaves.
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Home Gardener, Malta
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